1 Samuel 19:19 – Saul begins a pursuit of David.

Published On: 3 de April de 2024Categories: Bible Study

In this Bible study, we will delve into the fascinating account of David’s persecution by Saul, as described in 1 Samuel 19:19-24. This is an episode filled with tension and intrigue, showing us the complex relationship between these two central characters of biblical history.

In our study, we will explore each verse of this episode in detail, analyzing the historical context, the characters involved, and the spiritual lessons we can learn today. We will also compare and contrast different translations and interpretations of this passage to gain a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of the text.

May this Bible study be an opportunity for us to know more about God, His Word, and His purpose for our lives. May we always trust in His protection and guidance, even in the most difficult and challenging situations.

The Information about David

“And Saul was told, ‘David is at Naioth in Ramah'” (1 Samuel 19:19). The information that David was at Naioth reaches Saul, king of Israel. Saul, who had tried to kill David several times, sees a new opportunity to get rid of the young man who had been anointed as the future king of Israel by facing the giant Goliath and thus achieving notable popularity as described in 1 Samuel 18:7. However, it is important to note that David was not hiding in Naioth. Instead, he was seeking refuge with Samuel, demonstrating his trust in God.

The pursuit of David by Saul is a recurring theme in the book of Samuel. It is a story full of tension, showing the complex relationship between these two central characters of the biblical history. Saul, chosen by God as the first king of Israel, moved away from God and faced disgrace (1 Samuel 15). In contrast, David, a young shepherd designated by God as the future king of Israel, emerged (1 Samuel 16).

David’s presence in Naioth is significant, as it shows the close relationship between David and Samuel. According to 1 Samuel 2:35, 1 Samuel 3:20, and 1 Samuel 7:15, Samuel was a prophet and judge of Israel, responsible for anointing David as king. David respected and admired Samuel, and sought his guidance and protection. By going to Naioth, David was seeking refuge with Samuel, but he was also drawing closer to God.

Naioth, as described in 1 Samuel 19:19, was known as a “school of prophets,” established by Samuel, where the prophets gathered to worship God and receive His messages. It was a sacred place where the divine presence was particularly perceptible. When David went to Naioth, he was seeking God’s protection and committing himself to follow His will.

Saul knew that David was God’s chosen one to succeed him on the throne, but he refused to accept the divine will. By trying to capture David in Naioth, Saul was challenging the authority of God and Samuel.

However, the will of God cannot be thwarted. As we will see in the remainder of chapter 19 of Samuel, God intervenes supernaturally to protect David and frustrate Saul’s plans. The story of David and Saul is a story of choice and consequences, a story of obedience and disobedience, a story of faith and trust in God. It is a story that challenges us to follow David’s example and seek God’s will in our lives.

Saul Sends Messengers 1 Samuel 19:19

A crucial moment in the biblical narrative, where we see the transformative power of God’s Spirit in action. Saul, in his obsession to eliminate David, sends his men to capture him. However, upon arriving in Naioth, where David was with Samuel and a group of prophets, something unexpected happens.

“Then Saul sent messengers to take David, and when they saw the congregation of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as head over them, the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.” (1 Samuel 19:20).

This is a surprising and extraordinary moment. Saul’s messengers, who had a specific and clear mission, are interrupted and transformed by the Spirit of God. Instead of capturing David, they begin to prophesy, demonstrating that the power of God is greater than any human plan.

This event is a powerful reminder that God is not limited by our actions or intentions. Even those who are on a mission of evil, like Saul’s messengers, cannot resist the Spirit of God when He chooses to act.

Furthermore, this verse also highlights the importance of prophecy in the biblical tradition. Prophecy is not only a prediction of the future, but also a manifestation of the power and presence of God. When Saul’s messengers begin to prophesy, they are being used by God as instruments of His will.

Saul Goes Personally 1 Samuel 19:21

“Saul knew about this, and he sent other messengers, and they also prophesied. Then Saul sent messengers again, the third time, and they also prophesied” (1 Samuel 19:21).

This verse portrays Saul’s persistence in his pursuit of David, but it also highlights God’s sovereignty over all things. After the failure of the first messengers, Saul decides to send another group, thinking that perhaps these men would not be affected by the Spirit of God. However, the result is the same: they also begin to prophesy.

It is interesting to note that Saul is not just sending ordinary men. These are his messengers, men he believes are loyal to him. But human loyalty is nothing compared to the power of God. When the Spirit of God comes upon them, they cannot resist, they cannot control themselves, they cannot do anything but prophesy.

This is a powerful reminder that God cannot be controlled or manipulated by anyone, not even by a king. Saul, as king of Israel, had great power and authority. He could send his men wherever he wanted, he could give orders and expect them to be obeyed. But when it comes to God, his orders mean nothing. God is not a being who can be controlled or manipulated. He is the Creator, the Almighty, the Sovereign.

This verse also shows us the grace of God. Even when Saul is acting against God’s will, God still uses the situation to show His power and His glory. Saul’s men are not prophesying by chance. They are prophesying because the Spirit of God has come upon them. They are speaking God’s words, they are being used by God to show Saul and all others that God is in control.

In our lives, we may sometimes think that we can control God, that we can manipulate God to do what we want. But this verse reminds us that this is not true. God is not our servant, He is our Lord. He does not exist to serve our desires, we exist to serve Him. And when we try to control God, when we try to manipulate God, we are really fighting against God.

Saul Prophesies

“Finally, he himself went to Ramah. Upon reaching the great cistern of the place called Secu, he inquired where Samuel and David were. And they answered him: ‘In Naioth in Ramah.’ So Saul went there. Meanwhile, the Spirit of God came upon him; and he went on his way in a prophetic frenzy, until he came to Naioth. He stripped off his clothes, and he too prophesied in Samuel’s presence. He lay that way all that day and night. Therefore the people say, ‘Is Saul also among the prophets?'” (1 Samuel 19:22-24).

Saul, in his pursuit of David, arrives at Ramah, a city significant in biblical history. Ramah was known for being a place of worship and prophecy, where Samuel, the prophet and judge of Israel, lived. Upon arriving in the city, Saul asks for the location of Samuel and David and is informed that they are in Naioth, a place of worship and adoration.

Upon arriving at Naioth, Saul is surprised by the Spirit of God. He begins to prophesy, an act that was common among the prophets, but unusual for a king. Saul, who had distanced himself from God, is now used by God to prophesy. This is a surprising moment, as it shows that God can use anyone, regardless of their history or status, to carry out His purposes.

Saul, under the influence of the Spirit of God, strips off his garments, an act that symbolizes the loss of control and submission to God’s will. He prophesies before Samuel and falls stripped to the ground all that day and all that night. This event is so notable that it becomes a saying: “Is Saul also among the prophets?”

This episode demonstrates God’s sovereignty over all things. Even when Saul, in his arrogance and disobedience, tries to capture David, God intervenes and uses Saul for His purposes. This is a reminder that God is always in control, even when circumstances seem out of control.

Divine Protection

This episode of David’s persecution by Saul is a striking example of divine protection. Even when Saul, in his obsession and jealousy, does everything he can to capture David, God intervenes in surprising ways to protect His anointed one. It is a reminder that God does not abandon those who love and follow Him, even in the most challenging situations.

God’s protection over David is evident in several moments of this account. When Saul sends his men to capture David, they are affected by the Spirit of God and begin to prophesy, thus preventing them from carrying out their mission. Even when Saul decides to go personally to Ramah, he too is affected by the Spirit of God and prophesies, leaving David free to continue on his way.

This Bible study shows us the complex relationship between Saul and David. Saul, who had been chosen by God to be the first king of Israel, moves away from God and becomes an instrument of oppression and persecution. David, on the other hand, is the young man anointed by God who, even when persecuted, maintains his trust in God and seeks refuge in His name.

The story of Saul and David also shows us the power of the Spirit of God. The Spirit of God is able to affect even those who are on a mission of evil, such as Saul’s men, and even Saul himself. It is a reminder that the Spirit of God cannot be controlled or manipulated by anyone, and that He acts according to the will of God.

In our spiritual life, we can learn a lot from this story. We can learn to trust in God, even when we face challenges and persecutions. We can learn to seek refuge in God, like David, and to maintain our trust in His protection. And we can learn to respect the power of the Spirit of God, and to recognize that He acts according to the will of God, even when we don’t understand what is happening.

In conclusion, this Bible study is a story full of valuable lessons. It is a story of persecution and protection, of trust and refuge, of power and respect. May we always remember these lessons in our spiritual life, and may we always trust in God, even when we face challenges and persecutions.

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Written by : Ministério Veredas Do IDE

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