Matthew 6:9-13 – Our Father who art in Heaven

Published On: 21 de May de 2023Categories: Bible Study

Bible Study: The Lord’s Prayer – Connecting with God through Prayer

Prayer is one of the most powerful ways to connect with God. It is a means by which we can express our thoughts, feelings, and needs to Him, and also hear His voice. Prayer allows us to establish a personal and intimate relationship with our heavenly Father. Jesus, in His earthly ministry, taught His disciples a prayer that became widely known as the Lord’s Prayer. In this Bible study, we are going to explore this prayer in detail, examining each verse and understanding the deep and practical meaning contained in its words.

The Importance of a Personal Prayer

Before we dive into the Lord’s Prayer, it’s essential to understand the importance of a personal prayer. Prayer is the key to an intimate relationship with God as it allows us to freely share with Him and seek His guidance, comfort and provision. The Bible encourages us to pray without ceasing and to cast all our anxieties on Him (1 Thessalonians 5:17; 1 Peter 5:7). Through prayer, we are strengthened and renewed in our faith, finding refuge in the presence of God.

Jesus Teaches the Lord’s Prayer

In the book of Matthew 6:9-13, we find Jesus’ teaching on the prayer of the Our Father: “You, pray like this: ‘Our Father, who art in heaven! Blessed is your name. Thy Kingdom come; Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us today our daily bread. Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil, for yours is the Kingdom, the power and the glory forever. Amen.’” (Matthew 6:9-13)

In this prayer, Jesus gives us a model to guide us in our communication with God. Each sentence contains key truths and principles that help us establish an intimate relationship with our heavenly Father.

Approaching God as Father

By beginning the Lord’s Prayer with the words “Our Father who art in heaven!” , Jesus invites us to approach God as a loving Father present in our lives. This approach reflects the intimate relationship God desires to have with us. Recognizing God as our Father reminds us of His fatherhood and strengthens us with the assurance of His unconditional love and care for us.

The Bible repeatedly assures us of the fatherly nature of God. In Romans 8:15, we read: “For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave to fear again, but you received the Spirit that makes you sons, by which we cry, ‘Abba, Father’” . This intimate expression, “Abba, Father”, allows us to call on God with trust and intimacy, knowing that He hears us and welcomes us as His children.

Sanctification and Pursuit of the Kingdom of God

In the next sentence of the prayer, Jesus says: “Hallowed be thy name. Thy Kingdom come; thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.” These words reveal our submission to God’s sovereignty and our pursuit of his kingdom and will in our lives.

Sanctifying God’s name means honoring Him and acknowledging His holiness. When we seek the sanctification of God’s name, we are willing His character and His glory to be revealed to the world through us. It is a call to live in accordance with divine principles and reflect the image of Christ in all areas of our lives.

Furthermore, in seeking the Kingdom of God, we are putting His will above our own. We recognize that God’s plan is superior to ours and we want to live according to his will. This submissive attitude allows us to experience the fullness of God’s purpose in our lives.

Daily Dependence on God and Our Daily Bread

In verse 11 of the Lord’s Prayer we find the phrase, “Give us this day our daily bread.” These words remind us of our continual dependence on God for all our needs, whether physical, emotional, or spiritual.

This phrase invites us to trust God as our faithful provider. Just as God sustained the Israelites in the wilderness by providing manna daily (Exodus 16:4), He also promises to supply us abundantly. We need to remember that our lives are in God’s loving hands, and He will care for us in every way.

In this verse, we address God, acknowledging him as the provider of all things, including our daily food. By making this petition, they express their trust and dependence on God, asking Him to supply their daily needs.

The expression “daily bread” highlights the importance of looking to God for the daily supply, recognizing that He is the Giver of every good gift. It’s a reminder to be grateful for the food we receive, knowing it comes from Him.

However, the request for “daily bread” goes beyond physical needs. It can also be interpreted as a search for spiritual and emotional sustenance, since life is not only sustained by physical food, but also by the Word of God and communion with Him. Jesus tells us in ( Matthew 4:4) , “But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.”

By praying “Give us this day our daily bread,” believers express their trust in God as a provider, their gratitude for the gift of food, their daily dependence on Him, and their quest for supply in all areas of life. It’s a prayer that reminds us to trust God to meet our daily needs and look to Him not just for physical nourishment, but also for the spiritual sustenance that nourishes our souls.

However, this phrase also reminds us of the importance of living in a balanced and prudent way. God gives us what we need for each day, and we must be good stewards of what He entrusts to us.

Forgiveness and Divine Mercy

The Lord’s Prayer continues with the phrase: “Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.” Here, Jesus teaches us about the importance of forgiveness and mercy, both from God towards us and from us towards others.

Forgiveness is a fundamental principle of the Kingdom of God. We are all sinners and need God’s forgiveness. He forgives us of our sins when we repent and seek his mercy. However, Jesus points out that we also need to forgive those who offend us. In Matthew 6:14-15 , He says, “For if you forgive one another’s trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive one another, your heavenly Father will not forgive your trespasses.” This is a clear exhortation that forgiveness is essential in our Christian walk. Jesus is emphasizing the relationship between the forgiveness we as human beings offer to others and the forgiveness we receive from God.

Jesus tells us that if we forgive the offenses committed against us by others, our heavenly Father will also forgive us. Forgiveness is a fundamental attitude in the Christian life, as it reflects God’s grace and love. When we forgive others, we are emulating God’s character and demonstrating His love in our lives.

Then Jesus continues, “But if you do not forgive one another, your heavenly Father will not forgive your trespasses” (Matthew 6:15). This statement may seem a bit harsh, but Jesus is stressing the importance of mutual forgiveness between people. He is reminding us that if we don’t forgive those who have wronged us, we won’t receive God’s forgiveness either.

Forgiveness is not just an isolated act, but a lifestyle that God expects of us as His children. We must forgive those who have wronged us, even when it is difficult and painful. Forgiveness does not deny pain or minimize the damage done, but it is a conscious choice to release hurt and seek restoration in relationships.

In Matthew 18:21-22 , Peter approaches Jesus and asks, “Lord, how many times must I forgive my brother when he sins against me? Up to seven times?” Jesus replies: “I tell you, not up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.” In this verse, Jesus emphasizes the need for continuous and unlimited forgiveness.

Paul exhorts us in Ephesians 4:32: “Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving one another, just as God in Christ forgave you.” Here, we are reminded to forgive one another just as God has forgiven us through Christ. Forgiveness is a reflection of God’s love and grace in our lives.

And in Colossians 3:13 , Paul encourages us, “Bear with one another and forgive whatever grievances you have against one another. Forgive as the Lord forgave you.” Here we are encouraged to put up with one another and forgive grievances, following the example of how the Lord forgave us.

These verses highlight the importance of forgiveness in our Christian walk. When we forgive others, we make room for reconciliation, healing, and growth in relationships, both with people and with God. Forgiveness is a powerful expression of God’s love in us.

Deliverance from Temptations and Evil

The last part of the Our Father’s Prayer says: “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one, for Yours is the Kingdom, the power and the glory forever. Amen.” In this sentence, Jesus teaches us to seek divine protection against the temptations and attacks of the evil one.

The Christian life is a spiritual battle, and we are constantly faced with temptations that seek to draw us away from God and lead us astray from the path of righteousness. As we pray that we will not fall into temptation, we are acknowledging our weakness and our need for God’s power to keep and strengthen us.

“And lead us not into temptation” – In this first part, the person praying is asking God not to be led into temptation. This phrase recognizes human frailty in the face of adversity and negative influences that can lead someone to commit sins. Jesus also taught about this in Matthew 26:41 , where he says, “Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”

“but deliver us from evil” – Here, the prayer asks God to deliver us from evil and protect us from the forces of evil. It is a request to be guarded and guided by God in the midst of difficulties and dangers. A verse related to this idea is 2 Thessalonians 3:3 , which says, “But the Lord is faithful; he will establish you and guard you from the evil one.”

“Thine is the Kingdom, the power, and the glory forever” – In this part, we recognize that God is the Sovereign and possesses all power and glory eternally. This statement underscores God’s supremacy over all things. A similar verse is Revelation 19:6 , where it says, “And I heard what seemed to be the sound of a great multitude, and what sounded like rushing waters, and what sounded like loud thunders, saying, Alleluia! for the Lord God Almighty reigns.”

“Amen” – The closing of the prayer with “Amen” means “so be it” or “so be it”. It is an expression of faith and agreement with what has been prayed for, trusting that God will answer and fulfill his will.

Furthermore, we ask God to deliver us from evil in all its forms. Evil is present in the world, and we may face adversity, persecution, and negative influences. However, we have the promise that God is more powerful than any evil and that He will protect us and lead us to victory.


The Our Father’s Prayer is a precious gift left by Jesus to guide us in our communication with God. Each verse contains a profound and practical lesson for our daily lives. By studying and meditating on this prayer, we can strengthen our relationship with God, seeking greater intimacy, submission, dependence, forgiveness and protection.

May we adopt the Our Father’s Prayer as a constant model in our lives, allowing its truths to transform our attitudes, words and actions. May prayer become an essential part of our relationship with God, enabling us to live a life that is fulfilled and aligned with his will. May we approach our heavenly Father with confidence, knowing that He hears us, loves us, and answers us according to His perfect will. Amen.

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Written by : Ministério Veredas Do IDE

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