Matthew 1:1- Book of the generation of Jesus Christ, son of David, son of Abraham

Published On: 30 de August de 2023Categories: Bible Study

Genealogy of Jesus :

The genealogy of Jesus Christ, as presented in Matthew 1, is an important part of the biblical narrative that has many layers of meaning and purpose. Let’s explore the details of this genealogy and then compare it to the genealogy in Luke 3.

Genealogy of Jesus in Matthew 1:1-17

In this list of ancestors, Matthew traces Jesus’ lineage from Abraham to David and finally to Jesus. This is significant because Abraham was a key patriarch in Jewish history, and David was a very important king in Israel. The main purpose of tracing the genealogy back to these figures is to establish Jesus’ Messianic credentials, showing that he was the fulfillment of the promises made to Abraham and David.

Prophecies made to Abraham and David play a key role in understanding Jesus’ role as the Messiah in the biblical context. Let’s explore some of the key prophecies associated with Abraham and David:

Promises to Abraham:

  1. A Great Nation: God promised Abraham in Genesis 12:2 that he would be the father of a great nation. That nation would become Israel, God’s chosen people.
  2. Bless All Nations: In Genesis 12:3, God said that in Abraham all nations would be blessed. This is interpreted by Christians as a reference to the Messiah, Jesus, who would be a descendant of Abraham and would bring spiritual blessings to all nations, not just Israel.

Promises to David:

  1. An Eternal King: In 2 Samuel 7:16, God promises David that his offspring will establish an everlasting kingdom. This is understood by Christians as a reference to Jesus, who is often called the “Son of David” in the Gospels. Jesus is considered the fulfillment of that promise, for he is the eternal King who rules over the Kingdom of God.

How Jesus Fulfilled These Promises:

  1. Descendancy from Abraham: Jesus is descended from Abraham through his genealogy, as shown in the genealogies in Matthew 1 and Luke 3. This establishes his connection with the promise that in Abraham all nations would be blessed.
  2. Descendancy of David: Matthew 1:1 begins by calling Jesus the “son of David,” establishing his connection with the promise made to David of an eternal King. The gospels also repeatedly emphasize Jesus’ Davidic descent.
  3. Blessings for All Nations: Jesus’ ministry, death and resurrection are seen by Christians as the fulfillment of the promise to bless all nations. Through his work, Jesus offers salvation and reconciliation with God to all people, regardless of their ethnic origin or nationality.

In summary, the promises given to Abraham and David in the Old Testament have to do with the coming of Jesus as the Messiah. He is the fulfillment of those promises, establishing his lineage as a descendant of Abraham and David, bringing spiritual blessings to all nations, and ruling as the eternal King. These promises play a central role in understanding Jesus’ identity and purpose in Christianity.

By dividing the genealogy into three sets of fourteen generations, Matthew uses a literary pattern to facilitate memorization and emphasize key points in the story. The number 14 may have been chosen as a symbolic nod to the Hebrew name David (whose numerical value is 14).

Genealogy of Jesus in Luke 3:23-38

The genealogy in Luke 3 is slightly different from that in Matthew 1. Whereas Matthew traces the lineage from Joseph, the father of Jesus, to David, Luke traces the lineage through Mary, the mother of Jesus, also to David. This is interesting because, legally, one’s lineage was usually passed through the father, but the genealogy in Luke may be showing the biological connection.

Furthermore, after David, Luke’s genealogy follows a different path, passing through Nathan, one of David’s sons, rather than Solomon, as Matthew does. This difference may have legal and theological meanings, but it may also be emphasizing Jesus’ universal humanity, showing that he is connected not just to a specific line but to humanity as a whole.

These differences in Matthew’s and Luke’s genealogies offer us an interesting insight into Jesus’ origins and are important for understanding the rich history and significance of his birth.

Matthew’s Purpose in Genealogy

Matthew’s purpose in listing Jesus’ ancestry is to show that he is the person promised by God in the ancient scriptures. He wants to prove that Jesus is indeed the direct descendant of Abraham (according to Genesis 12:3) and the heir of David’s lineage (according to 2 Samuel 7:12-13). This is very important for Jewish readers as it confirms that Jesus is the Messiah who was promised long ago in the scriptures.

Furthermore, by including names like Rahab and Ruth, women of foreign and non-Jewish backgrounds, Matthew is showing that Jesus’ message is for all people, of all nations. This paves the way for the global mission of the church, which is to take the gospel everywhere.

Therefore, the list of Jesus’ ancestors in Matthew 1 is a powerful way to begin the story of Jesus, proving that he is the Son of God and that he fulfills all the promises made in the Old Testament about the Messiah.

Names and Meanings:

We have selected just a few names so you can have a baseline as you expand your Bible studies. However, all the names that are in the genealogy of Jesus Christ point to the fact that he fulfills the divine promises made throughout the history of the Bible. Soon, we will prepare a complete study with all the names and their meanings.

The names in Jesus’ genealogy, presented in Matthew 1, convey his redemptive message in several ways:

  • Abraham – “Father of a Multitude” : The name Abraham reflects the divine promise that through him all nations would be blessed (Genesis 12:3). This points to Jesus’ redemptive purpose to be the Savior not just of a specific group, but of all people, regardless of their ethnic background or nationality.
  • David – “Beloved” : The name David reflects the love and affection that God had for him. It reminds us that Jesus is the beloved of God, the Messiah who brings redemption and reconciliation through his sacrifice on the cross.
  • Joseph – “God Multiplies” : The name Joseph indicates how God multiplied his grace upon Joseph by choosing him to be the adoptive father of Jesus. This underscores that Jesus is the manifestation of God’s multiplied favor and grace to mankind.
  • Mary – “Sovereign Lady” or “Bitter” : The possible meanings of the name Mary may point to Mary’s role as the sovereign mother of Jesus, as well as the challenges and bitterness she may have faced along her journey as a mother of the Savior.
  • Jesus – “God is Salvation” : This is the most powerful and direct name in the genealogy. Jesus came to bring divine salvation to humanity. His name reveals his central purpose as the Redeemer who offers salvation and forgiveness of sins.
  • Emmanuel – “God with us” : Emmanuel emphasizes the incarnation of God in the person of Jesus. He came to dwell among human beings to be with us, experience our struggles, and offer us redemption and communion with God.

Taken together, these names highlight that Jesus is the fulfillment of the divine promises made throughout the history of the Bible. He is the Redeemer who came to reconcile mankind with God, offering salvation, love and grace to all. Each name in Jesus’ genealogy serves as a piece of the puzzle that reveals God’s redemptive message to the world: that He loves mankind deeply and has provided a way to reconcile them to Himself through His Son, Jesus Christ.


The genealogy of Jesus, presented in the gospels of Matthew and Luke, is a fundamental aspect of the biblical narrative that carries a wealth of spiritual and historical significance. It plays a crucial role in identifying and authenticating Jesus as the promised Messiah, the Savior of mankind, and offers profound insights into the divine nature of His redemptive mission.

First, the genealogy establishes Jesus’ direct connection with the divine promises made in the Old Testament. It traces his lineage back to Abraham and David, showing that Jesus is the fulfillment of ancient Messianic prophecies. This is of paramount importance as it validates His authority and right to be the expected Messiah. The fulfillment of these promises is a powerful testimony to God’s faithfulness throughout history and to His sovereign plan of redemption.

Additionally, the genealogy highlights the role of women in Jesus’ lineage, which was unusual for the time and culture in which they were recorded. This includes notable women like Rahab, Ruth, and Bathsheba who were foreigners or had unique stories. This inclusion highlights God’s grace and inclusion, showing that Jesus came for everyone, regardless of their ethnic background or background. These women exemplify divine compassion and mercy, setting the stage for Jesus’ message of universal love and redemption.

Jesus’ genealogy also points to the duality of His nature. He is both fully human, being descended from Abraham and David, and fully divine, being conceived by the Holy Spirit. This balance between humanity and divinity is one of the most fundamental doctrines of Christianity and is evidenced from the very beginning of the narrative of Jesus’ birth. He is Emmanuel, “God with us”, who enters human history to offer divine salvation.

Furthermore, the genealogy of Jesus has an essential message for all of us who are called to be part of the spiritual family of Christ. As we are engrafted into this spiritual lineage, we share in the heritage, promise, and redemption it represents. Just as genealogy embraced people from different backgrounds and circumstances, Jesus’ message is that all are welcome in His spiritual family, regardless of their past or current status.

In conclusion, the genealogy of Jesus is more than a list of names and dates; it is a witness to divine providence, to God’s faithfulness to his promises, and to the uniqueness of Jesus’ mission as Savior and Redeemer of mankind. She reminds us that the story of salvation is a story of grace, inclusiveness, and divine love that extends to all of us. Therefore, as we reflect on the genealogy of Jesus, we are invited to celebrate the depth of God’s plan and to accept the offer of redemption and eternal life that He offers us through His Son, Jesus Christ.

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Written by : Ministério Veredas Do IDE

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